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pygmy marmoset
(cebuella pygmaea)

distribution

Amazon basin

habitat

Preferred habitat is tropical evergreen forests and river floodplains, but they are highly adaptable and able to survive in disturbed environments.

biological characteristics

Pygmy marmosets are arboreal and diurnal – this means they live in trees and are active during the day. They are usually docile and gentle, but like many primates are very territorial. They feed primarily on tree sap and gum, known as exudates, but also eat fruits and insects. Adults are about five inches (13 cm) long with an eight-inch (20 cm) tail. They are most commonly found in groups of two to six, made up of an adult pair and their offspring. Unusually for primates and mammals they are monogamous and mate for life.

conservation status

Despite loss of habitat, the Pygmy Marmoset has managed to sustain an unthreatened population. (IUCN red data list)

factfile

  • The Pygmy Marmoset is the smallest monkey in the world.
  • In some languages they are known as the 'tiny lion' because of the mane-like ruff of fur around their faces. Other names are 'pocket monkey' or 'finger monkey'.
  • They are able to jump more than 5m, that's nearly 40 times their body height.

animal
fact file

At its peak, Scotland had around 140,000 farm horses, plus an unknown number in towns and cities, most of which were Clydesdales in whole or part.